Cytokine Responses

In response to influenza A virus infection, epithelial cells and leukocytes, produce chemotactic (chemokines), proinflammatory, and other immunoregulatory cytokines. The proinflammatory cytokine families, tumour necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin (IL)-1, induce fever while others, viz. IL-2, IL-12 and IL-15, upregulate expression of cells involved in innate immunity
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Last date updated on October, 2014


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