|Federalism is a political concept in which a group of members are bound together by covenant with a governing representative head. The term federalismis also used to describe a system of government in which sovereignty is constitutionally divided between a central governing authority and constituent political units (such as states or provinces). Federalism is a system based upon democratic rules and institutions in which the power to govern is shared between national and provincial/state governments, creating what is often called a federation. The term federalist describes several political beliefs around the world. Also, it may refer to the concept of parties; its members or supporters called themselves Federalists.
Federalism, in its modern form, has been shaped by the existing realities surrounding the concept of a market economy. Thus, the new political economy of federalism has provided refreshing ideas about federal sustenance. According to these emergent ideas, economic prosperity generated by local freedom is regard as a key factor that unites citizens on the limits of state power and also forces political actors at the national and local levels to keep within their respective spheres. This is especially so because, federalism, with its interacting levels of government, was thought to be capable of offering a way of mediating the variety of citizen preferences. The above indicates that federal relations should be considered as a reflection of economic interactions between sub federal authorities and taxpayers. Advocates of competitive federalism argue that just as economic competition produces superior benefits compared to monopolies or oligopolies, so competition between governments serving the same citizens is likely to provide citizens with better services. The mix of cooperation and competition is thus necessary, to avoid the harmful effect of conflict in areas of interdependence, and of collusive bargaining among levels of governments. The single central government was replaced by a number of autonomous decentralized governments in different regions; individuals could then express dissatisfaction with the allocation of resources to public goods by voting with their feet: they could move to another jurisdiction offering a preferred bundle of public goods and tax liabilities. Nevertheless, when these ideas are adapted to the practice of federalism, it could provide the best possible form of government for pluralistic societies. In retrospect, the underlying idea is that people can be different and yet beneficial to each other. Also, there are some trends pertinent to federalism and economic policy-making that are discernible and reinforce each other in a symbiotic way. These trends include, among others, the general acceptance of market economy and of federalism (at least in federal countries); global economic interdependence and integration under free-trade rules. Similarly, a federal arrangement is also a substantially non-centralized self-organizing system that produces order out of repeated intergovernmental and inter-jurisdictional interactions within the framework of a constitution or constitutionalized treaties. Understood this way, there are imperative compatibilities between a well-functioning federal system and a well-functioning market economy.
Review of public administration and management is one of the peer reviewed journal published in the field of federalism. The articles published in this journal are novel thoughts and ideas in the form of original reviews. All published articles are permanently archived and available at OMICS Group website in HTML, Digital, Audio and PDF formats.
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