|Local government may be viewed from two perspectives: As a process, local government refers to that organization which promotes the welfare and well-being of the people at the grass-root. To Bello-Iman (1996) local government refers to "that unit of administration with defined territory and powers as well as administrative authority with relative autonomy". This definition emphasizes the structural autonomy of local government in the areas of power and authority. It underscores the fact that local government in the context of the country's federal system is not a subordinate unit of the state ' and federal 143 governments. This clarification becomes necessary because the United Nations, following the practice of local government systems in some unitary states, defines local government as: A political sub-division of a nation (or, in a federal system) a state which is constituted by law and her substantial control of local affairs including the power to impose taxes, or exact labor for prescribed purposes. The governing body of such an entity is either elected or locally selected. We can deduce from the above assertions that what distinguishes local government from local government is what they enjoys in carrying out its activities. Such autonomy would reflect the degree of powers, functions and resources at its disposal subject, of course, to the test of, reasonableness. To drive home the commitment of the state to a true local government system, the 1999 constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria at Section 7 enthuse that: The system of local government by democratically elected local government. councils is under this constitution guaranteed, and accordingly, the government of every state shall, subject to section 8 of this constitution, ensure their existence under a law which provides for the establishment, structure, composition, finance and functions, of such councils (The 1999 Constitution).
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