"The history of biotechnology starts with the development of a wide variety of novel techniques and procedures particularly in relation to viable organisms in terms of their potencies and possible risks. In 1919, Karl Ereky, a Hungarian engineer, defined the term of biotechnology. Based on his opinion, biotechnology comprised upstream and downstream processes producing substances from raw materials by living organisms. However, the origin of biotechnology is not quite novel. Fermentation was the earliest form of biotechnology that initially used in food process in China and brewing and bakery in ancient Egypt. In 1992, a standard definition was published in the Convention on Biological Diversity in Rio de Janeiro. The definition described biotechnology as âany technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products and processes for specific useâ... Ramin Mazaheri Nezhad Fard, The History of Modern Biotechnology in Iran: A Medical Review
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Last date updated on June, 2014