"The history of biotechnology starts with the development of a wide variety of novel techniques and procedures particularly in relation to viable organisms in terms of their potencies and possible risks. In 1919, Karl Ereky, a Hungarian engineer, defined the term of biotechnology. Based on his opinion, biotechnology comprised upstream and downstream processes producing substances from raw materials by living organisms. However, the origin of biotechnology is not quite novel. Fermentation was the earliest form of biotechnology that initially used in food process in China and brewing and bakery in ancient Egypt. In 1992, a standard definition was published in the Convention on Biological Diversity in Rio de Janeiro. The definition described biotechnology as “any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products and processes for specific use”... Ramin Mazaheri Nezhad Fard, The History of Modern Biotechnology in Iran: A Medical Review The OMICS Group Journal of Biotechnology is one of few leading Open Access journals, that attracts research papers worldwide in various areas of biotechnology, including agriculture, food production, and medicine as well as genomics, recombinant gene technologies, applied immunology, pharmaceutical therapies, diagnostic tests, etc. All articles and case reports published in the open access Journal of Biotechnology are under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. This permits anyone to copy, distribute, transmit and adapt the work provided the original work and source is appropriately cited. Biology and Medicine supports the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing."
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Last date updated on June, 2014

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