Neonatal and Pediatric Medicine
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Editorial Board

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Fuyong Jiao
Xian Jiao tong University
China

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Selim Demir
Gaziosmanpaşa University School of Medicine
Turkey

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Deepak Sharma
Pt Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Institute
India

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Misty Good
University of Pittsburgh
USA

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About the Journal

It is a subspecialty of pediatrics concerned with the care of critically ill newborn and premature infants. Neonatologists diagnose and treat newborns with conditions such as breathing disorders, infections, or birth defects; coordinate care and medically manage newborns born prematurely, critically ill, or in need of surgery; stabilize and treat newborns with any life-threatening medical problems; attend a delivery after which the infant may require medical intervention; and consult with obstetricians, pediatricians, and family physicians about conditions affecting newborn infants and caring for mothers who have high-risk pregnancies. Neonatologists and pediatricians work mainly in the special care nurseries or newborn intensive care units of hospitals, primarily children's hospitals, university medical centers, and large community hospitals. In addition, a neonatologist may provide short-term care on an outpatient basis after the infant has been discharged from the unit.

Journal of Neonatal and Pediatric Medicine is a peer reviewed journal, serving the International Scientific Community. This Neonatal Medicine journal with highest impact factor offers an Open Access platform to the authors to publish their research outcome.

Journal of Neonatal and Pediatric Medicine (NNP) is a scholarly Open Access journal that aims to publish most complete and reliable source of information on vast topics of nutrition that include various aspects of neonatal perinatal medicine, neonatal intensive care, neonatal treatment, neonatal drugs, neonatal feeding, neonatal nursing, neonatal infections in the mode of original research and review articles, as well as case reports, short communications, commentaries, mini reviews and making them freely available online without any restrictions or any other subscriptions to researchers worldwide.

This scientific journal includes a wide range of fields in its discipline to create a platform for the authors to make their contribution towards the journal and the editorial office promises a peer review process for the submitted manuscripts for the quality of scholarly publishing. The journal is using Editorial Manager System to maintain quality in online manuscript submission, review and tracking. Editorial board members of the Journal of Neonatal and Pediatric Medicine or outside experts conduct the review; at least two independent reviewer’s approval followed by the editor is required for the acceptance of any citable manuscript.

Peer reviewed journals follow a rigorous review process by strictly adhering to the standard research format and style, enhances the quality of research work. OMICS International is publishing 700+ open access journals with the support of about 30000 editorial board members and conducts 3000+ International conferences across USA, Europe, Asia pacific, Middle East and Australia. OMICS got scientific alliances with more than 1000 scientific associations and agencies all over the world.

Neonatal Stroke

Neonatal stroke is defined as the improper blood supply of the developing brain in the first 28 days of life. It includes ischemic events, neonatal stroke causes blockage of vessels, and hypoxic events, causing lack of oxygen to the brain tissue. Maternal disorders which lead to neonatal stroke are autoimmune disorders, coagulation disorders, prenatal cocaine exposure, infection, congenital heart disease, diabetes, and trauma etc.

Related journals for Neonatal Drugs:

Surgery Annual, Pediatric Blood and Cancer, Current Opinion in Pediatrics, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Journal of Pediatric Psychology

Neonatal Anemia

In neonatal period anemia is a complex problem owing to the unique blood picture. The erythrocytic system undergoes serial adaptation to meet progressively changing demands of oxygen in the embryo, the fetus and neonate. This leads to rapid change in normal hematological change in post-birth period. Definition of anemia is difficult because as described earlier, several important factors influence normal blood in the newborn infants. The etiology of neonatal anemia can be classified into i) hemorrhage (ii) hemolysis (iii) failure of red cell production. Severe fetal hemorrhage may accompany various placental anomalies like placenta praevia, abruptio placenta and accidental incision of placenta during the caesarian section. It is reported that 10% of all infants born following placenta praevia and 4% of infants born following abruptio placenta present with severe anemia. The passage of fetal erythrocytes in maternal circulation occurs commonly during pregnancy. In 50% of pregnancies some fetal cells are passed in maternal circulation sometimes during gestation or during birth process. Treatment of a neonate with anemia due to blood depends on the degree of hypovolemia or anemia and whether the blood loss has been acute or chronic. Newborn with pale skin should be differentiated from an asphyxiated baby.

Related journals for Neonatal Anemia:

Internet Journal of Pediatrics and Neonatology, Contemporary Pediatrics, Przeglad Pediatryczny, Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Area Pediatrica, Voprosy Prakticheskoi Pediatrii, Pediatria i Medycyna Rodzinna, Indian Journal of Practical Pediatrics, Pediatriya

Neonatal Disease

A healthy start in life is important to every newborn baby. The first 28 days, called the neonatal period, is especially critical. It is during this time that fundamental health and feeding practices are established. It is also during this time that the child is at highest risk for death. Some common neonatal disorders include sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and neonatal jaundice. SIDS is the leading cause of death among infants who are one month to one year old. According to the American SIDS Institute, about 2,500 infants die from this condition each year in the United States. Neonatal jaundice is jaundice that begins within the first few days after birth. Jaundice is a yellowish discoloration of the skin, conjunctiva (a clear covering over the sclera, or whites of the eyes), and mucous membranes caused by hyper bilirubinemia (increased levels of bilirubin in red blooded animals). Neonatal jaundice is usually harmless but should be monitored by a qualified healthcare provider as a precaution.

Related journals for Neonatal Diseases:

Pediatrics, Pediatric obesity, JAMA Pediatrics, Journal of Pediatrics, Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, Pediatric Research, Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Pediatric Diabetes, Pediatric Cardiac

Feeding Disorders

Feeding problems are estimated to occur in up to 25% of normally developing children and in up to 35% of children with neurodevelopmental disabilities. One common definition of feeding problems is the inability or refusal to eat certain foods. Problems with feeding may lead to significant negative nutritional, developmental and psychological sequelae. Because the severity of these sequelae is related to the age at onset, degree and duration of the feeding problem, early recognition and management are important. The purpose of this paper is to provide guidelines to identify feeding problems in the first three years of life; to present a newly developed instrument to assess the presence of feeding problems and monitor the effects of management; and to describe basic management strategies that may eliminate or improve feeding dysfunction.

Related journals for Feeding Disorders:

Anales de Pediatria, Fetal and Pediatric Pathology, Minerva Pediatrica, Pediatric Annals, Current Pediatric Research, Journal de Pediatrie et de Puericulture, Pesquisa Brasileira em Odontopediatria e Clinica Integrada

Birth Complications

A pregnancy that has progressed without any apparent hitch can still give way to complications during delivery. Here are some of the most common concerns. Presentation refers to the position the fetus takes as your body prepares for delivery, and it could be either vertex (head down) or breech (buttocks down). In the weeks before your due date, the fetus usually drops lower in the uterus. Ideally for labor, the baby is positioned head-down, facing the mother's back, with its chin tucked to its chest and the back of the head ready to enter the pelvis. That way, the smallest possible part of the baby's head leads the way through the cervix and into the birth canal.

Related journals for Birth Complications:

Pediatric Cardiology, Pediatric Radiology, Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics, Pediatric Neurology, Physical and Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, Pediatric Physical Therapy

Neonatal Intensive Care

Newborn babies who need intensive medical attention are often admitted into a special area of the hospital called the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). The NICU combines advanced technology and trained health care professionals to provide specialized care for the tiniest patients.

Related journals for Neonatal Intensive Care:

Journal of Neuroscience, Neuron, EMBO Journal, Nature Neuroscience, Nature Reviews Neuroscience, Stroke, Trends in Neurosciences, Annual Review of Neuroscience, Journal of Neurophysiology

Neonatal Drugs

Maternal use of certain drugs during pregnancy can result in transient neonatal signs consistent with withdrawal or acute toxicity or cause sustained signs consistent with a lasting drug effect. In addition, hospitalized infants who are treated with opioids or benzodiazepines to provide analgesia or sedation may be at risk for manifesting signs of withdrawal. This statement updates information about the clinical presentation of infants exposed to intrauterine drugs and the therapeutic options for treatment of withdrawal and is expanded to include evidence-based approaches to the management of the hospitalized infant who requires weaning from analgesics or sedatives.

Related journals for Neonatal Drugs:

Surgery Annual, Pediatric Blood and Cancer, Current Opinion in Pediatrics, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Journal of Pediatric Psychology

Neonatal Health

The first days and weeks of life are critical for the future health and survival of a child. Nearly two-thirds of the 6.5 million infant deaths each year occur within the first four weeks of life, and about two-thirds of those occur within the first week. It is defined as the neonatal mortality rate (NMR). Neonatal mortality rate is the number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.

Related journals for Neonatal Health:

Academic Pediatrics, Pediatric Nephrology, Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Pediatric Pulmonology, Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, BMC Pediatrics, Seminars in Pediatric Surgery

Neonatal Infections

Newborns are particularly susceptible to certain diseases, much more so than older children and adults. Their new immune systems aren't adequately developed to fight the bacteria, viruses, and parasites that cause these infections. A marked change in a baby's behavior, such as suddenly sleeping all the time or not sleeping much at all, can also be an indication that something isn't right.

Related journals for Neonatal Infections:

Pediatric Clinics of North America, Seminars in Pediatric Neurology, European Journal of Pediatrics, Journal of Pediatric Surgery, Pediatric Exercise Science, International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

Neonatal Seizure

Benign familial neonatal seizures (BFNS) is a condition characterized by recurrent seizures in newborn babies. The seizures begin around day 3 of life and usually go away within 1 to 4 months. The seizures can involve only one side of the brain (focal seizures) or both sides (generalized seizures). Many infants with this condition have generalized tonic-clonic seizures (also known as grand mal seizures). This type of seizure involves both sides of the brain and affects the entire body, causing muscle rigidity, convulsions, and loss of consciousness. A test called an electroencephalogram (EEG) is used to measure the electrical activity of the brain. Abnormalities on an EEG test, measured during no seizure activity, can indicate a risk for seizures. However, infants with BFNS usually have normal EEG readings. In some affected individuals, the EEG shows a specific abnormality called the theta pointu alternant pattern. By age 2, most affected individuals who had EEG abnormalities have a normal EEG reading. Typically, seizures are the only symptom of BFNS, and most people with this condition develop normally. However, some affected individuals develop intellectual disability that becomes noticeable in early childhood. A small percentage of people with BFNS also have a condition called myokymia, which is an involuntary rippling movement of the muscles. In addition, in about 15 percent of people with BFNS, recurrent seizures (epilepsy) will come back later in life after the seizures associated with BFNS have gone away. The age that epilepsy begins is variable.

Related journals for Neonatal Seizure:

Pediatria Catalana, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics, Pediatric Hematology/Oncology and Immunopathology, Turk Pediatri Arsivi, Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica, Pediatria Polska, Revista Chilena de Pediatria

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that develops only during pregnancy. Diabetes means your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Your body uses glucose for energy. Too much glucose in your blood is not good for you or your baby. Gestational diabetes is usually diagnosed during late pregnancy. If you are diagnosed with diabetes earlier in your pregnancy, you may have had diabetes before you became pregnant. Treating gestational diabetes can help both you and your baby stay healthy. You can protect your baby and yourself by taking action right away to control your blood glucose levels.

Related journals for Gestational diabetes:

Pediatrics and Neonatology, Pediatrics International, Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, European Journal of Pediatric Surgery, Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics Part B, Pediatric and Developmental Pathology

Newborn Jaundice

Newborn jaundice occurs when a baby has a high level of bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin is a yellow substance that the body creates when it replaces old red blood cells. The liver helps break down the substance so it can be removed from the body in the stool. A high level of bilirubin makes a baby's skin and whites of the eyes look yellow. This is called jaundice. It is normal for a baby's bilirubin level to be a bit high after birth. When the baby is growing in the mother's womb, the placenta removes bilirubin from the baby's body. The placenta is the organ that grows during pregnancy to feed the baby. After birth, the baby's liver starts doing this job. It may take some time for the baby's liver to be able to do this efficiently.

Related journals for Newborn Jaundice:

Indian Journal of Pediatrics, Progress in Pediatric Cardiology, Korean Journal of Pediatrics, Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

Newborns Screening

Testing done within days of birth to identify infants at increased risk for a specific genetic disorder so that treatment can begin as soon as possible; when a newborn screening result is positive, further diagnostic testing is usually required to confirm or specify the results and counseling is offered to educate the parents Newborn screening is testing performed on newborn babies to detect a wide variety of disorders. Typically, testing is performed on a blood sample obtained from a heel prick when the baby is two or three days old. In the United States, newborn screening is mandatory for several different genetic disorders, though the exact set of required tests differs from state to state.

Related journals for Newborns Screening:

Annals of Pediatric Cardiology, Advances in Pediatrics, Pediatric, Allergy, Immunology, and Pulmonology, Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry, Revista Paulista de Pediatria, Pediatric Neurosurgery

Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia, or BPD, is a serious lung condition that affects infants. BPD mostly affects premature infants who need oxygen therapy (oxygen given through nasal prongs, a mask, or a breathing tube). Most infants who develop BPD are born more than 10 weeks before their due dates, weigh less than 2 pounds (about 1,000 grams) at birth, and have breathing problems. Infections that occur before or shortly after birth also can contribute to BPD. Some infants who have BPD may need long-term breathing support from nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) machines or ventilators. Many babies who develop BPD are born with serious respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). RDS is a breathing disorder that mostly affects premature newborns. These infants' lungs aren't fully formed or aren't able to make enough surfactant Surfactant is a liquid that coats the inside of the lungs. It helps keep them open so an infant can breathe in air once he or she is born. Without surfactant, the lungs collapse, and the infant has to work hard to breathe. He or she might not be able to breathe in enough oxygen to support the body's organs. Without proper treatment, the lack of oxygen may damage the infant's brain and other organs.

Related journals for Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia:

Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, Pediatric Dermatology, Italian Journal of Pediatrics, Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care, Pediatric Transplantation, Journal of Pediatric Urology

Neonatal Care

Observed and birthweight-specific neonatal mortality rates have been used for assessing quality of neonatal care, but these are crude and affected by risk characteristics of the population served. Even when neonatal mortality rate is corrected for four risk factors, race, sex, birthweight, and multiple births, (California Data Research Facility, Santa Barbara, CA) it is possible that the corrected neonatal mortality rate is not comparable among institutions because of population differences not corrected for, eg, prenatal care. To analyze whether our high neonatal mortality rate is primarily dependent on population risk or quality of neonatal care, we used contemporaneous data collection by senior physicians and a microcomputer database system to construct indices of quality of care that are based on diagnoses graded according to disease severity. For the 1987/1988 academic year, we found: neonatal intensive care unit nosocomial infection rate, 20%; severe intraventricular hemorrhage per 100 very low birthweight infants (1500 g), 20%; bronchopulmonary dysplasia per 100 cases of severe respiratory distress syndrome, 27%; necrotizing enterocolitis per 100 neonatal intensive care unit discharges, 5%; air leak per 100 cases of severe respiratory distress syndrome, 21%; and neonatal mortality rate per very low birthweight delivery rate, 0.4. We propose that microcomputer, hospital-based analyses will improve comparisons of neonatal intensive care unit quality of care if appropriate indices can be sufficiently well-defined and shared.

Related journals for Neonatal Care:

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences, Pediatrics in Review, Turkish Journal of Pediatrics, World journal for pediatric & congenital heart surgery

Premature Infants

Each year, nearly 500,000 babies are premature, or preemies. That's 1 of every 8 infants born in the United States. A premature birth is when a baby is born before 37 completed weeks of pregnancy. A full-term pregnancy is 40 weeks. Important growth and development occur throughout pregnancy - especially in the final months and weeks. Because they are born too early, preemies weigh much less than full-term babies. They may have health problems because their organs did not have enough time to develop. Preemies need special medical care in a neonatal intensive care unit, or NICU. They stay there until their organ systems can work on their own.

Related journals for Premature Infants:

European Journal of Pediatric Dermatology, Pediatrie pro Praxi, Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons, Cesko-Slovenska Pediatrie, Archives de Pediatrie, Archivos Argentinos de Pediatria

Vaccines and Immunity for Newborns

Newborns have an immature immune system that renders them at high risk for infection while simultaneously reducing responses to most vaccines, thereby posing challenges in protecting this vulnerable population. Nevertheless, certain vaccines, such as Bacillus Calmette Guérin (BCG) and Hepatitis B vaccine (HBV), do demonstrate safety and some efficacy at birth, providing proof of principal that certain antigen-adjuvant combinations are able to elicit protective neonatal responses. Moreover, birth is a major point of healthcare contact globally meaning that effective neonatal vaccines achieve high population penetration. Given the potentially significant benefit of vaccinating at birth, availability of a broader range of more effective neonatal vaccines is an unmet medical need and a public health priority. This review focuses on safety and efficacy of neonatal vaccination in humans as well as recent research employing novel approaches to enhance the efficacy of neonatal vaccination.

Related journals for Vaccines and Immunity for Newborns:

Revista Mexicana de Pediatria, Journal of Pediatric Biochemistry, Current Pediatric Reviews, Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Pediatria de Atencion Primaria, Annals of Pediatric Surgery

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