|Vortex breakdown also known as vortex bursting, the phenomenon of vortex breakdown occurs sometimes in vortex filaments such as trailing vortices. This phenomenon is an abrupt and drastic change of structure which sometimes occurs in a swirling flow. Even after three decades of research, however, the physical mechanism that leads to vortex breakdown is not well understood. Vortex breakdown occurs in two distinct types: bubble or axisymmetric type and spiral type. In the first type of breakdown, there is a rapid expansion of the core forming a bubble-like structure that is nearly axisymmetric. In the second type, the vortex centerline deforms into a spiral without any appreciable growth in core size. An important feature of vortex breakdown is that the axial flow, which is necessary for the breakdown, decelerates along the vortex axis.
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