"Recently, there has been an increase in the public concern about the management of medical waste on a global basis. Medical wastes are considered as a special category of waste because they pose potential human health and environmental risks, as they contain sharps, human tissues or body parts, discarded plastic materials contaminated with blood, discarded medical equipment, and other infectious materials. About 1525% (by weight) of medical waste is infectious materials. Despite the fact that current medical waste management practices vary from hospital to hospital, the concerning problems are similar for all hospitals and at all stages of management, including segregation, collection, packaging, storage, transport, treatment and disposal. Improper management of medical wastes could cause environmental pollution, unpleasant odors, and growth of insects, rodents and worms. Subsequently, it may lead to transmission of diseases like typhoid, cholera, and hepatitis through injuries from sharps contaminated with human blood.
Waste management involves practices that range from segragation, collection, packaging, storage, transport, treatment, to disposal of human generated waste.
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